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The following papers have been written by people throughout the world on the topic of Chatterbots and the Natural Language Processing Techniques that go into them. They are not part of The Simon Laven Page and at all times remain the property of their respective authors.
Being Real, by Judith S. Donath. "Simple programs, about whose lack of intelligence there is little debate, have been shown to be capable of producing humanlike responses within the limited domain of textual conversation". Ouch.
Colorful Personalities, by Güven Güzeldere and Stefano Franchi. Dialogues with early chatterbots - namely Eliza, Parry and Racter. Chat transcipts include 'Eliza and a young woman' as well as 'Eliza and Parry'.
Computing Machinery And Intelligence, by Alan Turing. First published in Mind back in October 1950, this amazing article, written by the father of Artificial Intelligence, is still ahead of it's time.
From Sentence Processing to Information Access on the World Wide Web, by Boris Katz. Describing the START Information Server built at the MIT Artificial Intelligence Laboratory. Available on the World Wide Web since December 1993, the START Server provides users with access to multi-media information in response to questions formulated in English.
Mapping Great Debates: Can Computers Think? A set of 7 poster-sized argumentation maps that chart the history of the debate. The maps outline arguments put forth since 1950 by more than 380 cognitive scientists, philosophers, artificial intelligence researchers, mathematicians, and others. Every map presents 100 or more major claims.
Minds, Machines and Turing, by Stevan Harnad. Arguing that once total external sensorimotor robotic function is reached, because of the mind/body problem and the other-minds problem there will still remain more unanswerable questions.
The Loebner Prize, a resource of Turing Test related material - including transcripts and analysis of previous Loebner competitions.
Philpapers: Philosophy of Artificial Intelligence. A comprehensive bibliography of the philosophy of Artificial Intelligence compiled by David Chalmers and David Bourget at the Australian National University.
The Turing Test: 50 Years Later, by Ayse Pinar Saygin, Iluas Cicekli and Varol Akman. Analyzing the programs that have been developed with the aim of passing the Turing Test and concluding that the Turing Test has been, and will continue to be, a very influential and controversial topic.
The Turing Test Is Not A Trick: Turing Indistinguishability Is A Scientific Criterion, by Stevan Harnad. An interesting reminder of how well one can fool someone in a competition such as the Loebner Prize is not a measure of scientific progress.
What Kind of Turing Test Did Turing Have in Mind? by Jean Lassègue. Published in 1996 the claim of this paper is that this test is not feasible. The notion of a test is consequently to be understood in an entirely different way. (Note from Simon Laven: I don't agree with any of it and never have done).
The following AI newsgroups may be of interest:
These are Usenet newsgroups and web-based access to them is provided by Google Groups.